Platelet mass index and prediction of severity of transient tachypnea of the newborn

Ilhan O., Bor M.

PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.61, no.7, pp.697-705, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ped.13899
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.697-705
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Background Platelet mass index (PMI) is associated with platelet functionality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of PMI in predicting the severity of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). Methods Infants with gestational age >= 37 weeks and birthweight >= 2,000 g who were given nasal intermittent mandatory ventilation for TTN <= 6 h after birth were retrospectively enrolled in this study. PMI was calculated using the following formula: PMI = platelet count x mean platelet volume/10(3) (fL/nL). The study infants (n = 101) were divided into two groups according to the duration of tachypnea: <= 48 h (n = 45) and >48 h (n = 56). Results The PMI and platelet count were significantly lower in the group with tachypnea duration >48 h than in the tachypnea duration <= 48 h group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.04, respectively). A negative significant correlation was noted between PMI and the duration of tachypnea (r = -0.43, P < 0.001). A PMI cut-off of 1,562 fL/nL can predict prolonged tachypnea (>48 h) with a sensitivity of 62.5%, specificity of 68.9%, positive predictive value of 71.4%, and negative predictive value of 59.6% (area under the curve, 0.682 +/- 0.053; P = 0.002). Conclusions Lower PMI and lower platelet count are associated with longer duration of tachypnea in patients with TTN.