Origin and Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Mediterranean Mussels (Mytilus Galloprovincialis, Lamarck, 1819) of the Turkish Straits System


Balcioglu E. B. , Aksu A., Balkis N., Ozturk B.

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC COMPOUNDS, vol.40, no.1, pp.50-60, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10406638.2017.1354035
  • Journal Name: POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC COMPOUNDS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.50-60
  • Keywords: Human health, molecular ratios, PAH origin, pollution, Turkish Straits System (TSS), POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL CONGENERS, PETROLEUM-HYDROCARBONS, SURFACE SEDIMENTS, MARINE ORGANISMS, MARMARA SEA, OIL-SPILL, BAY, CONTAMINATION, METAL, COAST
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The distribution of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) in the coast of the Turkish Straits System (TSS) was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). According to the results, the most important contributors to PAH concentrations in mussels were chrysene, fluoranthene and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). Due to its carcinogenic character, BaP is known as one of the most significant congeners of PAHs and the highest concentration of BaP has been found to be 8 mu g g(-1) in Kadikoy station. The most polluted mussels were collected from the regions affected by shipping activities such as Kadikoy, Kumkapi and Tekirdag. In this study, origins of pollution were determined using the ratios of individual PAH compounds. The main pollution origin is found as both pyrolytic and petrogenic at most stations.