Surface rupture and rupture mechanism of the October 1, 1995 (M-w=6.2) Dinar earthquake, SW Turkey


Koral H.

TECTONOPHYSICS, vol.327, pp.15-24, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 327
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0040-1951(00)00159-1
  • Title of Journal : TECTONOPHYSICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.15-24

Abstract

A moderate earthquake (M-w = 6.2) caused substantial damage in the town of Dinar at 17:57 UT, on October 1, 1995. Surface rupture has been observed to be discontinuous for 10 km along the NW-trending Dinar fault segments. The surface rupture has consisted of nearly vertical cracks up to several tens of meters long and a meter wide that display linear, sigmoidal and anastomosing geometries indicating the mechanism of displacement on the fault plane. Most of these cracks display a dip-slip component of displacement (0.05-0.6 m); those with anastomosing geometries indicate a large dip-slip (>0.25 m). Sigmoidal crack patterns show both right and left strike-slip (rotational) component of displacement and a small dip-slip (<0.25 m). The geometry of the cracks and related modes of slip suggest a 325<degrees> oriented horizontal principal stress direction. This direction makes an acute angle with the NW-trending plane of the Dinar fault. This angular difference is the cause of the strike-slip (rotational) movement manifested in the surface rupture and indicated by the focal mechanism solution of the earthquake. Under the influence of this horizontal principal stress direction of compression, firstly en echelon cracks were formed. Then these cracks were modified by a predominantly dip-slip displacement on the Dinar fault, the initial cracks were connected to each other by anastomosing cracks of a second rotational phase. The rotation led the hanging-wall block of the Dinar fault to depart from its dip-slip orientation to an oblique southwesterly direction towards the Mediterranean Sea as suggested by strike and dip-slip indicating cracks. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

A moderate earthquake (M-w = 6.2) caused substantial damage in the town of Dinar at 17:57 UT, on October 1, 1995. Surface rupture has been observed to be discontinuous for 10 km along the NW-trending Dinar fault segments. The surface rupture has consisted of nearly vertical cracks up to several tens of meters long and a meter wide that display linear, sigmoidal and anastomosing geometries indicating the mechanism of displacement on the fault plane. Most of these cracks display a dip-slip component of displacement (0.05-0.6 m); those with anastomosing geometries indicate a large dip-slip (>0.25 m). Sigmoidal crack patterns show both right and left strike-slip (rotational) component of displacement and a small dip-slip (<0.25 m). The geometry of the cracks and related modes of slip suggest a 325 oriented horizontal principal stress direction. This direction makes an acute angle with the NW-trending plane of the Dinar fault. This angular difference is the cause of the strike-slip (rotational) movement manifested in the surface rupture and indicated by the focal mechanism solution of the earthquake. Under the influence of this horizontal principal stress direction of compression, firstly en echelon cracks were formed. Then these cracks were modified by a predominantly dip-slip displacement on the Dinar fault, the initial cracks were connected to each other by anastomosing cracks of a second rotational phase. The rotation led the hanging-wall block of the Dinar fault to depart from its dip-slip orientation to an oblique southwesterly direction towards the Mediterranean Sea as suggested by strike and dip-slip indicating cracks. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.