Resection of Inferior Vena Cava Without Reconstruction for Intravascular Intrusion of Wilms Tumor

Ceccanti S., Buyukunal C., EMRE Ş., Masselli G., Schiavetti A., Cozzi D. A.

UROLOGY, vol.149, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier


Persistent inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus in Wilms tumor patients represents a management challenge. We describe three pediatric cases with preoperative evaluation documenting complete IVC occlusion and well-developed collaterals. They underwent nephrectomy and tumor thrombus removal accomplished with circumferential resection of the retrohepatic IVC without vascular reconstruction. All patients are asymptomatic and disease-free at 9, 2.5, and 2 years after stopping therapy. Cavectomy without reconstruction is safe and well tolerated in Wilms tumor patients with completely occlusive IVC tumor thrombus. Additionally, when performed en bloc with nephrectomy and with clear margins, cavectomy obviates the need for radiotherapy per protocol. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc.