XIV. European Conference on Social andBehavioral Sciences Odessa, Ukraine, Odessa, Ukraine, 23 - 26 August 2017, pp.94
Turkish Proverbs as a Reproduction of Ableist Language in Social Memory
The problem of discrimination against persons with disabilities in society has been ongoing for centuries. Over the years, this problem has been studied in the field of Social Sciences, and especially in the 1960s, the disability studies in the United States and Great Britain expanded the field of study in the academic world. Ableism is centralized in the Disability Studies, as it is the most dominant ideology of discrimination against disabled people. The Ableism word derives from the “able”, which has the capacity to do with having enough power and understanding and which has its normal accepted meanings. This etymological meaning explains the definition of Ableism: ableism; Is the name of unfair treatment that individuals who have discrimination in favor of solid, full-bodied individuals and who have any differences in physical, mental or spirituality are subject to not being ""full"" just because of these differences. Ableist jurisdiction allows the social norm to be defined as ""able bodies"" individuals, and assumes a role that legitimizes any discrimination they experience because the disability does not conform to this norm. This study also aims at examining the proverbs of social memory carriers, which are an important point in this legitimation, in the context of the reproduction of the ableist language. In addition, it is desirable to demonstrate the effective power of an ableist understanding that diverts disabled individuals in society and pushes them out of socialization. Proverbs are the most important reflectors of the culture they are produced in, with the meanings they convey and the meanings they convey. Therefore, proverbs have been set as a sample of trying to understand the perceptions of the disability in Turkish society and to explain it in the context of the ideology of the ableist language. In addition, the sample will be examined using critical discourse analysis in the context of the types of euphemism.
Keywords: Disability Discrimination, Ableism, Social Memory, Proverbs