A Destroyed Cultural Heritage in Aleppo: Bayram Baba Dervish Lodge HALEP’TE YIKILMIŞ BİR KÜLTÜR MİRASI: BAYRAM BABA TEKKESİ


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İSHAKOĞLU Ö.

Turk Kulturu ve Haci Bektas Veli - Arastirma Dergisi, vol.2022, no.102, pp.273-284, 2022 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2022 Issue: 102
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.34189/hbv.102.013
  • Journal Name: Turk Kulturu ve Haci Bektas Veli - Arastirma Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.273-284
  • Keywords: Ahmad al-Yasawī, Aleppo, Bayram Baba, Dervish Lodge, Hacı Bektaş Veli
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 The authors.Throughout history, Aleppo has been the visiting place of important trade caravans, a cultural city on the pilgrimage route and where people from three monotheistic religions live. For this reason, communities with different religions and beliefs have created institutions where they live their own cultures. The presence of architectural works built in Aleppo reveals how important this city is. Külliyes (complex of buildings), mosques, sūfī complexs (tekke) and lodges (zāwiya), inns, baths, madrasas (religious colleges), hospitals, civil and military buildings, fountains, clock towers, tombs, train stations and thousands of residential architecture are some of them. In the intervening time, some of these works have been neglected and some have disappeared. Despite all this, Aleppo has managed to preserve its identity as a cultural city until today. Bayram Baba Dervish Lodge, which is one of these works that is an important cultural heritage in the history of Aleppo and has a history of approximately 500 years, unfortunately became a victim of negligence and was demolished in 1982 during road widening works. In this article, the information obtained from various sources about the Bayram Baba Dervish Lodge and Bayram Baba whose name was given to the lodge are evaluated. The architectural features of Bayram Baba lodge and the activities carried out in it have been handled in accordance with the information given by the documents. On the other hand, it has been determined that Bayram Baba was a mentor to Ahmad al-Yasawī, led a reclusive life, gained a place in the hearts of people due to his good deeds, and after his death, a lodge was built on the place where he was buried by the order of Uzun Hasan. This lodge carried out its activities similar to today’s cultural centres, at the same time took an organized place in economic life, served as a caravanserai and played a role in the settlement of various agricultural areas. In addition, important figures who hold the office of sheikh in the lodge and about whom information can be found will be discussed and examples of their works will be given.