Task Related Modulation of Group Independent Components of Alzheimer's Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients


Sahin D., DURU A. D. , Bayram A. , Bilgic B. , Demiralp T. , ADEMOĞLU A.

19th National Biomedical Engineering Meeting (BIYOMUT), İstanbul, Türkiye, 5 - 06 Kasım 2015 identifier identifier

Özet

In our era, while the life span is expanding, neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), pose a great threat upon the quality of life. Currently, one of the urgent goals of neuroscientists is to detect AD in its early stages. Since recent treatments and prevention techniques aim at early and presymptomatic stages, studies carried out to present possible biomarkers are of importance. Therefore, in this study, the objective is to check the suitability of the method to the find a distinctive agent for distinguishing AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients from controls via fMRI data analysis. In order to achieve that, functional connectivity networks are obtained from an optimized auditory oddball task fMRI data via a group ICA approach using temporal concatenation of the subject data. In this analysis, the initial component number is chosen as thirty and eight different network groups are determined from the spatial classification of the components. In this study, for three components (Attentional Network, Sensory-motor Network, Auditory Network), MCI group independent components (ICs) showed stronger modulation for target sounds when compared to standart sounds. Moreover, when compared to AD group, MCI group showed stronger modulation for standart sounds in their Attentional Network component.