Refinement of the locus for autosomal recessive cone-rod dystrophy (CORD8) linked to chromosome 1q23-q24 in a Pakistani family and exclusion of candidate genes


Ismail M., Abid A., Anwar K., Mehdi S. Q. , Khaliq S.

JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS, vol.51, no.9, pp.827-831, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10038-006-0028-y
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.827-831
  • Keywords: CORD8, phenotype, cone-rod dystrophy, visual acuity, retinal dystrophy, HOMEOBOX GENE, MUTATIONS

Abstract

Cone-rod retinal dystrophy (CORD) characteristically leads to early impairment of vision due to the simultaneous involvement of both cone and rod photoreceptor cells. Several loci/genes have been identified for CORD, including the cone-rod dystrophy (CORD8) locus [OMIM#605549] identified for a Pakistani family. All members of this family underwent detailed clinical re-examination to determine the nature of the dystrophy. All affected individuals suffered from bilateral CORD8 with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. The CORD8 locus, mapped on chromosome 1q12-q24, consisted of a very large critical disease region of 21 cM. Analysis with more recently available micro-satellite markers within the reported region showed heterozygosity with some of the new markers, and the crossovers lead to a refinement of the disease region from 21 to 11.53 cM. Mutation screening has excluded some of the candidate genes in the region. The disease phenotype of this family could be due to a mutation in a novel gene located within the refined CORD8 locus.