Heme oxygenase-1 deficiency as an extremely rare cause of AA-type renal amyloidosis: Expanding the clinical features and review of the literature.


Dirim A. B., Kalayci T., Safak S., Garayeva N., Gultekin B., Hurdogan O., ...More

Clinical rheumatology, vol.42, no.2, pp.597-606, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10067-022-06465-9
  • Journal Name: Clinical rheumatology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.597-606
  • Keywords: Amyloidosis, HMOX-1, Inflammation, Serum amyloid A
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX-1) is an enzyme that regulates heme degradation. Antiinflammatory, antioxidant, and cytoprotective effects of HMOX-1 were also described. It is encoded by the HMOX1 gene, and biallelic mutations cause HMOX-1 deficiency, which is a rare chronic multisystemic inflammatory disorder. This inflammatory status could lead to the development of secondary AA-type amyloidosis theoretically. Here, we report a 30-year-old male with AA-type renal amyloidosis due to a chronic inflammatory condition of unknown origin. Paternal consanguinity and dysmorphic features raised suspicion of a rare genetic disorder. Clinical exome sequencing (CES) confirmed the HMOX-1 deficiency diagnosis related to homozygous missense G139V mutation. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the eleventh HMOX-1 deficiency case in the literature. Also, HMOX-1 deficiency-related systemic AA-type amyloidosis has not been reported before.