Seed samples of eighteen taxa from four sections in Linum were examined for diagnostic and taxonomic utility of the surface microstructures. Considerably different patterns were distinguished at specific and infraspecific levels. Similar sculpturings in closely related taxa and some common surface features for sectional groupings were observed. Smooth surface textures in sect. Linastrum, granulate-ruminate in sect. Dasylinum and rugulose structure in sect. Linum were typical characteristics. Sect. Syllinum exhibited miscellaneous patterns. Seed coat sculptures may be utilized as additional consistent parameters in the infrageneric delimitations and taxonomical association of Linum.