Synthesis and characterization of CdS nanoparticle based multiwall carbon nanotube-maleic anhydride-1-octene nanocomposites


Malikov E. Y. , Altay M. C. , Muradov M. B. , Akperov O. H. , Eyvazova G. M. , Puskas R., ...More

PHYSICA E-LOW-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS & NANOSTRUCTURES, vol.69, pp.212-218, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.physe.2015.01.040
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICA E-LOW-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS & NANOSTRUCTURES
  • Page Numbers: pp.212-218

Abstract

CdS nanoparticles were synthesized by sonication from cadmium chloride and thiourea using a multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-maleic anhydride (MA)-1-octene system as the matrix. The matrix was obtained by the "grafting from" approach from oxidized carbon nanotubes and maleic anhydride-1-octene. Multiwall carbon nanotubes used for reinforcing the matrix were synthesized by Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition using Fe-Co/Al2O3 as the catalyst. The obtained nanostructures were characterized by FTIR, XRD, Raman spectroscopy, TEM, SEM and UV-vis spectroscopy. The average CdS particle diameter was 7.9 nm as confirmed independently by TEM and XRD. UV-vis spectroscopy revealed that the obtained nanostructure is an appropriate base material for making optical devices. The novelty of this work is the use of the MWCNT-MA-1-octene matrix obtained via the "grafting from" approach for the synthesis of uniformly dispersed CdS nanocrystals by ultrasonic cavitation to obtain a polymer nanocomposite. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.