Endocrine pathology, vol.33, no.4, pp.437-445, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Some pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma (PPTC) cohorts have suggested a preliminary correlation with respect to DICER1 mutation status and histomorphology in both benign and malignant follicular cell-derived nodules; however, the data regarding correlates of DICER1-related sporadic PPTCs subtyped based on the 2022 WHO classification criteria are largely unavailable. The current study investigated the status of hotspot DICER1 mutations with clinical, histological and outcome features in a series of 56 patients with PPTCs with no clinical or family history of DICER1-related syndromic manifestation. Fifteen (27%) PPTCs harbored BRAF p.V 600E. Eight (14%) cases of PPTCs harbored DICER1 mutations with no associated BRAF p.V 600E. DICER1 mutations were identified in exons 26 and 27. A novel D1810de1 (c.5428_5430delGAT) mutation was also detected. We also confirmed the absence of hotspot DICER1 mutations in the matched non-tumor tissue DNA in all 8 DICER1-related PPTCs. The mean age of DICER1-harboring PPTCs was 15.1 (range: 9-18) years whereas the rest of this cohort had a mean age of 14.8 (range 6-18) years. With the exception of one PPTC, all DICER1-related PPTCs were seen in females (female-to-male ratio: 7). The female to male ratio was 3.8 in 48 DICER1-wild type PPTCs. In terms of histological correlates, 5 of 8 (63%) DICER1-mutant PPTCs were invasive encapsulated follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinomas (FVPTCs) including 4 minimally invasive FVPTCs and 1 encapsulated angioinvasive FVPTC, whereas the remaining 3 PPTCs were infiltrative classic papillary thyroid carcinomas (p < 0.05). The incidence of DICER1 mutations was 19.5% in BRAF p.V600E-wild type PPTCs. Sixty-three percent of DICER1 hotspot mutations occurred in invasive encapsulated FVPTCs, and this figure represents 38% of invasive encapsulated FVPTCs. Only one (12%) patient with DICER1-related disease showed a single lymph node with micro-metastasis. Unlike DICER1-wild type patients, no distant metastasis is identified in patients with DICER1-related PPTCs. The current series expands on the surgical epidemiology of somatic DICER1-related PPTCs by correlating the mutation status with the clinicopathological variables. Our findings underscore that female gender predilection and enrichment in low-risk follicular-patterned PTCs are characteristics of DICER1-related PPTCs.