Sci-Afric Journal of Scientific Issues, Research and Essays, vol.2, pp.387-391, 2014 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)
Oral mucositis, known as stomatitis, is a common complication of cancer treatments. This study was planned to determine whether nurses use a standard diagnostic questionnaire for oral mucositis and ascertain their knowledge about assessing and managing mucositis. The study design was descriptive and correlational. The
research included nurses working at the adult and pediatric clinics, oncology, hematology, intensive care and transplantation service and polyclinics of 2 university and 2 state hospitals in Istanbul. Datawas collected with anOral Mucositis Diagnostic Form and an Oral Care Practices Assessment Form. 69% of the nurses working at
the university hospitals and of 5.4% of those working at the state hospitals were using the oral mucositis diagnostic questionnaire. Thosemaking correct diagnoses were 65.7% at Grade 0, 42.5% at Grade 1, 36.9% at Grade 2, 49.7% at Grade 3 and 53.5% at Grade 4. Of the nurses, 65.3% made a correct assessment of oral care
management at Grade 0, 44.1% at Grade 1, 28.9% at Grade 2, 30.3% at Grade 3 and 59.9% at Grade 4. It is revealed that, Standard oral cavity mucosa assessment forms at the university and Ministry of Health hospitals are not atthe desired level and mucositis care protocols do not even exist. This implies that nurses in Turkey need
education on using diagnostic forms and standard practice guidebooks and applying these in their practice.