Effectiveness of brachytherapy in the treatment of lip cancer: A retrospective study at the Istanbul University Oncology Institute


Aslay I., Kucucuk S., Kemikler G. , Kurul S., Hafiz G., Ozbay I., ...Daha Fazla

ADVANCES IN THERAPY, cilt.22, ss.395-406, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 22 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/bf02850086
  • Dergi Adı: ADVANCES IN THERAPY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.395-406

Özet

Stage T1 through T3 lip cancers can be treated primarily by brachytherapy (BRTX), with or without external radiotherapy (ERT), with adequate safety margins and good results. in this study, the outcomes of BRTX were reviewed for patients treated at the Brachytherapy Department of the Istanbul University Oncology Institute (IUOE). The medical records of 41 patients registered at IUOE with a diagnosis of lip cancer between 1988 and 2003 were reviewed. The median follow-up time was 88 months (24-160 mo). Among these patients, 21 patients with a primary tumor, 14 with tumors arising postoperatively, and 6 with postoperative recurrence of tumor were treated using BRTX. A total of 33 patients (80%) received BRTX alone and 8 (20%) received BRTX and ERT. The 10-year local control rate was 100%, 93%, and 67% for patients treated with BRTX alone, BRTX and surgery, and those treated for Postoperative recurrence, respectively (P<.02). For patients treated with BRTX only and BRTX plus surgery, specific disease-free survival was 95% and 94%, respectively, and overall survival was 93% and 100%, respectively; these differences were not statistically significant. One patient with a postoperative recurrence who had been treated with BRTX died as a result of lip cancer. No patients developed any ulcerations, intra-oral complications, or mandibular necrosis. In the BRTX only group, 83% had excellent or good cosmetic results. In the surgery group, 62% had a contour deformity. In lip cancer management, BRTX results were comparable for local control, survival, and minimal late effects in normal tissue. This is in accordance with current reports in the medical literature. Satisfactory results were observed in patients with stage T1 and T2 lesions who had been treated with BRTX only and in patients with stage T3 lesions who had been treated with BRTX plus ERT, without a need for additional treatment modalities.

Abstract

Stage T1 through T3 lip cancers can be treated primarily by brachytherapy (BRTX), with or without external radiotherapy (ERT), with adequate safety margins and good results. In this study, the outcomes of BRTX were reviewed for patients treated at the Brachytherapy Department of the Istanbul University Oncology Institute (IUOE). The medical records of 41 patients registered at IUOE with a diagnosis of lip cancer between 1988 and 2003 were reviewed. The median follow-up time was 88 months (24-160 mo). Among these patients, 21 patients with a primary tumor, 14 with tumors arising postoperatively, and 6 with postoperative recurrence of tumor were treated using BRTX. A total of 33 patients (80%) received BRTX alone and 8 (20%) received BRTX and ERT. The 10-year local control rate was 100%, 93%, and 67% for patients treated with BRTX alone, BRTX and surgery, and those treated for postoperative recurrence, respectively (P<.02). For patients treated with BRTX only and BRTX plus surgery, specific disease-free survival was 95% and 94%, respectively, and overall survival was 93% and 100%, respectively; these differences were not statistically significant. One patient with a postoperative recurrence who had been treated with BRTX died as a result of lip cancer. No patients developed any ulcerations, intra-oral complications, or mandibular necrosis. In the BRTX only group, 83% had excellent or good cosmetic results. In the surgery group, 62% had a contour deformity. In lip cancer management, BRTX results were comparable for local control, survival, and minimal late effects in normal tissue. This is in accordance with current reports in the medical literature. Satisfactory results were observed in patients with stage T1 and T2 lesions who had been treated with BRTX only and in patients with stage T3 lesions who had been treated with BRTX plus ERT, without a need for additional treatment modalities.