This study is evaluated by measuring the weight loss, and the ability of white- and brown-rot fungi and termites to attack untreated and boron-treated blockboard manufactured using untreated fir (Abies bornmulleriana M.) strips sandwiched between Ekaba (Tetraberlinia bifoliolata Harms.) veneers at final assembly. The veneers were treated with either boric acid or disodium octoborate tetrahydrate, or mixtures of these chemicals, and blockboard specimens were subjected to fungal decay resistance tests performed according to the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) A-9201 method using the brown-rot fungus Fomitopsis palustris (Berkeley et Curtis) Murrill and the white-rot fungus, Trametes versicolor (L. ex Fr.) Quel. Blockboard specimens were also tested against the subterranean termite Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki to determine termite resistance. Blockboard specimens with boron-treated veneers demonstrated increased durability against decay fungi and termite attack. However, sealing of untreated fir strips before decay resistance tests helped reduce significantly the weight losses in blockboard with either untreated or boron-treated veneers. Although blockboard is usually used in indoor applications, incorporation of boron-based biocides may be required for increasing resistance to fungal decay and termite attack and giving fire retardancy. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.