Bisphenol A (BPA), as synthetic monomer used in the production of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, has endocrine disruptor properties and high risk on human health. Epigenetic alterations could act an important role in BPA-induced toxicity, but its mechanism has not been fully understood. We investigated the effects of BPA on gene expression of chromatin modifying enzymes, promoter methylation of tumor suppressor genes and histone modifications in human prostate carcinoma cells (PC-3). IC50 value of BPA was determined as 217 and 190 mu M in PC-3 cells by WIT and NRU tests, respectively. We revealed an increase in global levels of 5-methylcytocine and 5-hydroxymethylcytocine at 10 mu M of BPA for 96 h. We observed a significant increase on promoter DNA methylation and decrease on gene expression of p16 gene while no change was observed for Cyclin D2 and Rassf1. Significant changes were observed in global histone modifications (H3K9ac, H3K9me3, H3K27me3, and H4K20me3) in PC-3 cells. According to these results, we investigated wide-range epigenetic modifications using PCR arrays. After 96 h BPA exposure, chromatin modifying enzymes including KDM5B and NSD1 were significantly downregulated. Also, promoter methylation of tumor suppressor genes including BCR, GSTP1, LOX, MGMT, NEUROG1, PDLIM4, PTGS2, PYCARD, TIMP3, TSC2 and ZMYDN10 altered significantly. ChIP results showed that H3K9ac, H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 modifications on p16 gene showed significant increases after 1 and 10 mu M of BPA exposure. In conclusion, epigenetic signatures such as DNA methylation and histone modifications could be proposed as molecular biomarkers of BPA-induced prostate cancer progression. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.