How to diagnose and classify idiopathic (genetic) generalized epilepsies


Elmali A. D. , Auvin S., Bast T., Rubboli G., Koutroumanidis M.

EPILEPTIC DISORDERS, cilt.22, ss.399-418, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 22 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1684/epd.2020.1192
  • Dergi Adı: EPILEPTIC DISORDERS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.399-418

Özet

Idiopathic or genetic generalized epilepsies (IGE) constitute an electroclinically well-defined group that accounts for almost one third of all people with epilepsy. They consist of four well-established syndromes and some other rarer phenotypes. The main four IGEs are juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, childhood absence epilepsy, juvenile absence epilepsy and IGE with generalized tonic-clonic seizures alone. There are three main seizure types in IGE, namely generalized tonic-clonic seizures, typical absences and myoclonic seizures, occurring either alone or in any combination. Diagnosing IGEs requires a multidimensional approach. The diagnostic process begins with a thorough medical history with a specific focus on seizure types, age at onset, timing and triggers. Comorbidities and family history should be questioned comprehensively. The EEG can provide valuable information for the diagnosis, including specific IGE syndromes, and therefore contribute to their optimal pharmacological treatment and management.