Proteinuria, developing after renal transplantation may influence allograft and patient outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the effect of proteinuria on patient and allograft survival. Among 514 patients, 56 (11%) patients with good allograft function and proteinuria were evaluated retrospectively. Patients with proteinuria were classified as group P (20 patients with permanent proteinuria, Male/Female: 16/4) and group T (36 patients with temporary proteinuria, M/F: 29/7) according to the type of proteinuria. Also, considering the amount of proteinuria, patients were classified as group M (32 patients with massive proteinuria, M/F: 29/3) and group NM (24 patients with non-massive proteinuria, M/F: 16/8). The mean time interval between transplantation and appearance of proteinuria was 23.7 months (range 0-121 months) and no difference was found between groups. Two- and 5-yr allograft survival rates were found to be 85 and 80% in group M, and 95 and 82% in group NM, respectively (p = 0.24). In terms of type of proteinuria, 2- and 5-yr allograft survival rates were found to be 70 and 58% in group P and 92 and 87% in group T, respectively. The difference between groups P and T was found to be statistically significant (p = 0.02). Most (85%) of the patients with permanent proteinuria also had massive proteinuria. In conclusion, we found a significant relation between type and severity of proteinuria. The type of posttransplant proteinuria had a stronger effect on allograft outcome than the severity of proteinuria.