In this study, CeO2 nanofibers derived from Ce(1,3,5-BTC)(H2O)(6) (Ce-BTC) metal organic frameworks were prepared, and then the affinity of CeO2 towards 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was investigated. After the Ce-BTC nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal method, the Ce-BTC was calcinated, and CeO2 nanofibers were obtained. The Ce-BTC and CeO2 were characterized by SEM, XRD, MR and AFM methods, respectively. The adsorption studies of 2,4-D from water with CeO2 were carried out as batch type. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Sips isotherms were applied to the experimental data. And pseudo second order, intra-particle diffusion and Bangham kinetic models were used for determination of the kinetic mechanism of the adsorption. The maximum adsorption capacity for 2,4-D was found to be 86.16, 95.78 and 84.29 mg/g for each temperature (298, 308 and 318 K), respectively. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.