JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS, vol.9, pp.291-303, 1996 (SCI-Expanded)
The vertical distribution of chlorophyll-a was recorded throughout the northern part of the Levantine Basin of the eastern Mediterranean and was related to patterns of the physical dynamics for October 1991-March 1994 period. A well developed deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) was observed in the northern Levantine Basin (NLB), with concentrations greater than 1 mu g/L at depths ranging from 45 to 100 m on average. Chlorophyll-a concentrations ranged between 0.01 (in surface waters, Oct. 1991) and 3.07 mu g/L (in subsurface waters, March 1992). In general high concentrations of chlorophyll-a were observed in late winter. In cyclonic regions the depths of the DCM and the nutricline coincided and relatively high concentrations were observed at shallower depths at relatively high percentages of surface light. In anticyclonic regions the DCM (at low level of concentration) were located at the base of the euphotic zone and much above the nutricline. Well defined DCM feature was not prominent since at most of the stations, uniform distributions of chlorophyll-a were observed in the euphotic zone during the cooler winter conditions in 1992. The chlorophyll concentrations were significantly high in this winter when compared with those of ordinary mild winters. Because of the relatively low chlorophyll-a concentration resulting most probably low phytoplankton biomass in the basin and low input of material from the land, a thick euphotic zone forms with an average value of similar to 80 m.