The purpose of the present study was to investigate gender-related sociodemographic and clinical differences among Turkish patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). A total of 169 patients diagnosed with OCD by DSM-III-R or DSM-IV criteria were included in this study. Male (n = 73) and female (n = 96) OCD patients were compared with respect to the demographic variables and the scores obtained from the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HRSA), the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS). We found a significantly earlier age at onset in male patients. No significant difference in terms of HARS, HDRS, and Y-BOCS scores was detected between the two groups. We observed a significantly higher frequency of contamination obsessions in females, and that of agression and sexual obsessions in males. There was no significant difference in terms of the frequency of compulsions between the two groups. We also found that compulsion severity on obsessions/compulsions was higher in females and comorbidity rates of social phobia and schizophrenia were higher in males. Considering our results in combination with those of other studies, similarities rather than differences in gender-related sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of OCD patients across different populations seem to be present. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.