Temperament, character, and dissociation among detoxified male inpatients with alcohol dependency

Evren C., Sar V. , Dalbudak E.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, cilt.64, sa.6, ss.717-727, 2008 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 64 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/jclp.20485
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.717-727


The aim of this study was to determine possible relationships of pathological dissociation with temperament, character, and concurrent psychopathological features in a consecutive series of male alcohol-dependent patients. Fifty-eight patients with pathological dissociation were compared with 118 nondissociative patients classified by dissociative taxon membership. Beside higher scores on anxiety, depression, and alcoholism scales, a larger proportion of dissociative group reported childhood abuse, suicide attempts, and self-mutilation than did the nondissociative group. They also had higher scores of novelty seeking and harm avoidance, but lower scores of persistence, self-directedness, and cooperativeness. Trait anxiety, depression, and severity of alcoholism predicted dissociative experiences; however, none of the temperament or character measures did. Rather than being a derivative of temperament or character features, dissociative experiences of male alcohol-dependent patients are associated with overall concurrent psychopathology. (C) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.