The Effects of Religiosity and Socioeconomic Status on Social Distance towards Refugees and the Serial Mediating Role of Satisfaction with Life and Perceived Threat


RELIGIONS, vol.12, no.9, 2021 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/rel12090737
  • Journal Name: RELIGIONS
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ATLA Religion Database, Index Islamicus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Syrian refugees, Turkish people, religiosity, socioeconomic status, satisfaction with life, social distance, threat perception, SYRIAN REFUGEES, SELF-ESTEEM, PUBLIC-ATTITUDES, FAMILY SES, HEALTH, PREJUDICE, TURKEY, RELIGIOUSNESS, ADOLESCENTS, PERCEPTIONS
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


In every society, refugees face social and economic exclusion. In particular, social distance towards refugees may be seen remarkably in cities where host people and refugees live together intensely. This study examined essential predictors of social distance towards refugees: religiosity, socioeconomic status (SES), satisfaction with life, and threat perception towards refugees. A quantitative research strategy was used to collect cross-sectional data from 1453 individuals via an online questionnaire in Turkey. Confirmatory factor, correlation, regression, and mediation analyses were conducted. In this study, the effect of religiosity and socioeconomic status on social distance towards refugees and the serial mediation effects of satisfaction with life and threat perception towards refugees on this relationship were analyzed. Questions related to age, gender, marital status, education level, and having refugee neighbors or not were used as control variables. It was found that religiosity and SES were associated with social distance towards refugees. Furthermore, in the effect of religiosity and SES on social distance towards refugees, the serial mediating roles of satisfaction with life and threat perception towards refugees, respectively, were identified.