“The Influence of Implant Number and Attachment Type on Bite Forces of Mandibular Overdentures: A Retrospective Study”

BİLHAN H. , GEÇKİLİ O. , Mumcu E., ÇİLİNGİR A. A. , Bozdağ E.

GERODONTOLOGY, vol.29, no.2, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Title of Journal : GERODONTOLOGY


AIM: Assessment of the influence of such factors as attachment type, number of
implants, gender and age of patients on maximum bite force (MBF).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-two edentulous patients (32 females, 30 males; aged
64.03 ± 10.07 years, range 42-90 years) with mandibular implant overdentures with
various attachment types were included in the study and their MBFs were recorded.
The results were evaluated statistically at a significance level of p < 0.05.
RESULTS: The MBF in male patients was found to be statistically significantly (p
< 0.05) higher than in female patients. No statistically significant differences
(p > 0.05) were found with respect to age groups, attachment types and number of
implants supporting the mandibular overdentures.
CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, it is concluded that
independent of the number applied, dental implants increase MBF in edentulous
patients. While males show higher bite force, patient age and attachment type
seem not to play an important role.