11th International Conference on Energy, Environment, Ecosystems and Sustainable Development (EEESD15)”, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, 10 - 12 January 2015, pp.72102-72106
As oil rig started in open seas in parallel with energy need in our day, the risks towards sea ecosystem and the environment increase. The negative examples experienced in recent years show that a possible accident during oil rig and shipment give irrevocable damages to environment and organism lives. In this study, the risks of oil rigs being planned to be made in Black Sea on coastal area or sea environment are determined through 5 different scenarios. In addition to possible effects on endemic and economic species, the procedures that should be conducted to reduce these effects have been discussed. Being one of the most special water basins of the world, the Black Sea is a unique ecosystem which involves endangered species in addition to endemic and economic species according to IUCN. It is only possible to foreseen irrevocable damages against such an important ecosystem through accident scenarios being developed under different conditions. Therefore, to assess possible scenarios for a certain area during the studies of oil exploration and oil rig will minimize the damage to sensitive coastal ecosystem.