European Geoscience Union, Viyana, Austria, 20 - 25 April 2007, vol.9, pp.6131
The Bitlis Massif is exposed as an extensive, flat-lying nappe within a thick, S-vergent
fold and thrust belt (the Bitlis Suture Zone), formed by the collision of the Arabian
Platform to the S with the E Anatolia to the N in Miocene. The age of the metamorphism
of the Bitlis Massif is constrained by the unconformably overlying Late Cretaceous
clastic sediments. The Massif is structurally underlain by the Miocene foreland
basin sediments to the S.
The palaeo-tectonic setting of the Bitlis Massif during the Palaeozoic is highly controversial;
both Eurasian and Gondwanan origins were suggested previously. Critical
testing of these models was made during this study by investigating the U/Pb zircon
geochronology and whole rock and Sm/Nd isotope geochemistry of the granitoidic
intrusions in the Bitlis Massif.
Two groups of granitoidic plutons occur in the Bitlis Massif. The first group of plutons
intrudes into the high-grade basement units and is characterised by LS-tectonites.
These are peraluminous granites and granodiorites and exhibit calc-alkaline trends.
These granitoids plot in WPG and POG fields in tectonic discrimination diagrams.
The second group of plutons cut the Devonian metacarbonates and quartzites in the
form of dykes and larger intrusions of a few km wide and long (e.g. Mutki area). These
intrusions are relatively undeformed and are characterised by equigranular, medium
grained, felsic intrusions. These are dominantly metaluminous granites and plot in the
The radiometric ages and isotopic compositions of the felsic igneous rocks in the Bitlis
Massif will be presented and their tectonic implications will be discussed during this