Nonisothermal Crystallization Kinetics of Poly(ethylene terephthalate)/Clay Nanocomposites Prepared by Melt Processing


Durmus A. , Ercan N. , Soyubol G., Deligoz H. , Kasgoz A.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, cilt.31, ss.1056-1066, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 31 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/pc.20892
  • Dergi Adı: POLYMER COMPOSITES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1056-1066

Özet

In this study, cold and melt crystallization behaviors of amorphous poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)/clay nanocomposites were investigated. Two nanocomposite samples with the same amount of inorganic content were prepared by melt processing using natural montmorillonite (Na-MMT) and organo-modified montmorillonite (org-MMT). Depending on the clay structure, clay dispersion into PET and crystallization behavior of the samples were studied using X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry methods, respectively. Effects of clay structure and organic groups between clay layers in org-MMT on the melt crystallization kinetics of the samples were analyzed with various kinetic models, namely, the Ozawa, Avrami modified by Jeziorny, and Liu-Mo. Crystallization activation energies of the samples were also determined by the Kissinger and Augis-Bennett models. Exfoliated structures were obtained in the nanocomposite samples prepared with both the Na-MMT and org-MMT. From the kinetics study, it was found that the melt-crystallization rate of the sample prepared with the Na-MMT was higher than that prepared with the org-MMT at a given cooling rate. It can be concluded that organic ammonium groups in the org-MMT decelerate the crystallization rate of PET chains possibly by affecting the chain diffusion and folding. POLYM. COMPOS., 31:1056-1066, 2010. (C) 2009 Society of Plastics Engineers