Reduced trap-density and boosted performance of CH3NH3PbI3 solar cells by 1-Pentanethiol enhanced anti-solvent washing route

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Gokdemir Choi F. P., KURUOĞLU F., Moeini Alishah H., Bozar S., Kahveci C., CANTÜRK RODOP M., ...More

Nanotechnology, vol.35, no.21, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1361-6528/ad2a00
  • Journal Name: Nanotechnology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: 1-Pentanethiol, CH3NH3PbI3, defect passivation, glove box free, inverted solar cells, perovskite, uncoordinated Pb2+
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Performance and the stability of the perovskite-based photovoltaic devices are directly linked to existing trap-states or defect profiles at the surface and/or in the bulk of perovskite layers. Hence identification of stemming the defects during perovskite formation is crucial for achieving superior and long-lasting performances. Here, we present the effect of 1-Pentanethiol incorporation into the one-step deposition of perovskite layers. A feasible glove box-free route results in high-quality CH3NH3PbI3 layers under highly humid conditions (RH > 50%) but at low temperatures (T < 18 °C). 1-Pentanethiol addition into the washing solvent leads to the refinement of I/Pb stoichiometry, elimination of the iodide deficiencies, and reduction of the trap-state densities. Consequently, a precise amount 1-Pentanethiol addition enhances photovoltaic performances, resulting in a 54% PCE improvement for CH3NH3PbI3-based inverted solar cells.