Evaluation of ventricular function and myocardial deformation in children with repaired tetralogy of Fallot by real-time three-dimensional (four-dimensional) echocardiography


EROĞLU A. G. , Gokalp S. , Atik S. U. , Onal D., ACAR H. C. , Saltik L.

CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/s1047951121005126
  • Title of Journal : CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG
  • Keywords: Four-dimensional echocardiography, myocardial deformation, left ventricular assessment, real-time three-dimensional echocardiography, speckle-tracking echocardiography, tetralogy of Fallot, CARDIAC MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, SURGICAL REPAIR, EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION, ADULTS, RECOMMENDATIONS, STRAIN, TWIST

Abstract

Aim: The left and right ventricular dysfunction are important clinical course indicators in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. This study aimed to evaluate ventricular volumes, functions, and myocardial deformation in children with repaired tetralogy of Fallot by real-time three-dimensional (four-dimensional) echocardiography and compared with healthy children. It also aimed to investigate the relationships between ventricular volumes, functions, and myocardial deformation parameters in the patients. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 35 patients (mean age 15.1 +/- 2.8 years, 54% male) and 35 healthy controls of similar age, gender, and body measurements underwent echocardiography. End-diastolic volume index, end-systolic volume index, and ejection fractions of both ventricles; global longitudinal, circumferential, radial strain, twist, and torsion of the left ventricle; the longitudinal strain of the right ventricle free wall and septum were measured. Results: Left ventricular ejection fraction, global circumferential and radial strain, twist and torsion were significantly lower in patients compared with controls. Left ventricular ejection fraction correlated with global circumferential (r = -0.446, p < 0.001) and radial strain (r = -0.433, p < 0.001) in the patients. Right ventricular volumes were significantly higher, and ejection fraction was significantly lower in patients compared with controls. All right ventricular parameters correlated with each other in the patients. Conclusion: Left ventricular contraction pattern was changed, circumferential and radial fibres were most affected in the patients. Right ventricular dilatation and dysfunction were detected, and right ventricular ejection fraction correlated well with strain measurements of the right ventricle.