Istanbul, one of the prominent metropolitans in Turkey and the world, has attracted a great deal of attention over its history. It is located between 28 degrees 01 minutes and 29 degrees 55 minutes East longitude and at 40 degrees 28 minutes and 41 degrees 33 minutes North latitude. It bridges the Asian and European Continents. The neighbouring territories are Tekirdag in the west, Kirklareli in the northwest, the Black Sea in the north, the Marmara Sea in the south and Kocaeli in the east. It has a favourable climate as a transition climatic region between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.