Utilization of borogypsum as set retarder in Portland cement production

Boncukcuoglu R., Yilmaz M., Kocakerim M., Tosunoglu V.

CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, vol.32, no.3, pp.471-475, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0008-8846(01)00711-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.471-475
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


lBoron ores are used in the production of various boron compounds such as boric acid, borax and boron oxide. Boric acid is produced by reacting colemanite(2CaO.3B(2)O(3)-5H(2)O) with sulphuric acid and a large quantity of borogypsum is formed during this production. This waste causes various environmental problems when discharged directly to the environment. Portland cement is the most important material in the building industry. This material is produced by adding about 3-5% gypsum (CaSO4.2H(2)O) to clinker as a set retarder. The aim of this study was to stabilize borogypsum, and to produce cements by adding borogypsum instead of natural gypsum to clinker, Concrete using cement produced with borogypsum was tested to find the mechanical properties and the test values were compared with those of concrete from cement with natural gypsum. Compressive strength of concrete from cement produced with borogypsurn v, as found to be higher than that of natural gypsum. Also, the setting time of cement with borogypsum was longer than that of the Portland cement. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.