Biomechanical Comparison of Fixation Techniques in Midshaft Clavicular Fractures


Demirhan M., Bilsel K., Atalar A. C. , Bozdag E., Sünbüloğlu E., Kale A.

JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA, cilt.25, ss.272-278, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 25
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1097/bot.0b013e3181ee3db7
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.272-278

Özet

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the biomechanical properties and the stability among a locking clavicle plate (LCP), a dynamic compression plate (DCP) and an external fixator (Ex-fix) in an unstable displaced clavicle fracture model under torsional and three-point bending loading.

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to evaluate the biomechanical properties and the stability among a locking clavicle plate (LCP), a dynamic compression plate (DCP) and an external fixator (Ex-fix) in an unstable displaced clavicle fracture model under torsional and three-point bending loading.
Forty-eight human adult formalin-fixed clavicles were paired according to their bone mineral density homogeneously into three groups: LCP, DCP, and Ex-fix. Each specimen was osteotomized at the midshaft. Torsional and three-point bending forces were performed for 1000 cycles with stiffness recorded at 10 cycles (initial) and then at 100-cycle intervals thereafter. Initial stiffness, failure loads, and the percentage of initial stiffness at the various intervals were compared using analysis of variance.
The mean initial stiffness values (Nmm/deg) for torsion were 703.2 (LCP), 448.1 (DCP), and 365.2 (Ex-fix). The mean failure moments (Nmm) for torsion were 7671.7 (LCP), 4370.3 (DCP), and 2999.7 (Ex-fix). The mean initial stiffness (Nmm) for bending were 32.6 (LCP), 23.4 (DCP), and 20.6 (Ex-fix). The mean failure loads (N) for bending were 213.2 (LCP), 131.1 (DCP), and 102.7 (Ex-fix). For both torsion and bending, an overall significant difference among the three constructs in terms of failure loads and also a significant difference between the locking plate and the other two models only in terms of initial stiffness was seen. For torsion and bending, at all cyclic intervals, there was a significant difference between the locking plate and the other two models. After 700 cycles, a significant difference was also detected between the DCP and Ex-fix in torsion, but no difference was found between these groups at any cyclic interval in bending.
The locking plate is significantly more stable than DCP and Ex-fix under torsional and bending cyclic loading in a displaced fracture clavicle model.