Eyelid involvement of primary cutaneous lymphomas: A clinical perspective

Baykal C., Atci T.

Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ajd.14131
  • Journal Name: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: eyelid, mycosis fungoides, ocular, primary cutaneous lymphomas
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Eyelids may be affected in systemic, ocular adnexal and primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCLs). The frequency of eyelid involvement in PCLs is still not well known and it is not a predilection site for any type. While primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) are more commonly seen than primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (CBCLs), especially mycosis fungoides (MF) as by far the most frequent type, B cell lymphomas are reported to be the commonest type in eyelid localization on the contrary. PCLs may be located on the eyelids, as the sole manifestation or in association with the involvement of other parts of the eye and elsewhere of the body. MF may present with a rich spectrum of clinical features on the eyelids mostly seen in folliculotropic subtype and advanced-stage disease. Erythematous scaly patches or plaques representing the most commonly encountered eyelid MF lesions may mimic many other dermatological conditions. Diffuse thickening, oedema, poikilodermic changes, atrophy and wrinkling are other suggestive findings of eyelid MF. Milia-like papules, madarosis and ectropion are also seen in the folliculotropic variant of MF, as ectropion is more typical for Sezary syndrome. Eyelids are also a typical location for tumoural MF which has been suggested as a poor prognostic indicator in MF. Papulonodular lesions, large tumours, ulceration, diffuse infiltration, oedema and subcutaneous atrophy on the eyelids may also be seen in other types of PCLs. Keep in mind, the rich clinical spectrum of PCLs on the eyelids may be crucial in early diagnosis in this special localization.