Surface dose measurements with GafChromic EBT film for 6 and 18 MV photon beams

Bilge H. B., Cakir A., Okutan M., Acar H.

PHYSICA MEDICA, vol.25, no.2, pp.101-104, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2008.05.001
  • Journal Name: PHYSICA MEDICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.101-104
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to determine the surface doses using GafChromic EBT films and compare them with plane-parallel. ionization chamber measurements for 6 and 18 MV high energy photon beams. The measurements were made in a water equivalent solid phantom in the build-up region of the 6 and 18 MV photon beams at 100 cm SSD for various field sizes. Markus type plane-parallel ion chamber with fixed-separation between collecting electrodes was used to measure the percent depth doses. GafChromic EBT film measurements were performed both on the phantom surface and maximum dose depth at the same geometry with ion chamber measurements. The surface doses found using GafChromic EBT film were 15%, 20%, 29% and 39% +/- 2% (1SD) for 6 MV photons, 6%, 11%, 23% and 32% +/- 2% (1SD) for 18 MV photons at 5, 10, 20 and 30 cm(2) field sizes, respectively. GafChromic EBT film provides precise measurements for surface dose in the high energy photons. Agreement between film and plane-parallel chamber measurements was found to be within +/- 3% for 18 MV photon beams. There was 5% overestimate on the surface doses when compared with the plane-parallel chamber measurements for all field sizes in the 6 MV photon beams. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica.