Comparison of the fracture resistance of simulated immature permanent teeth using various canal filling materials and fiber posts

Tanalp J., Dikbas I., Malkondu O., Ersev H. , Gungor T., Bayirli G.

DENTAL TRAUMATOLOGY, cilt.28, sa.6, ss.457-464, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 28 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2011.01098.x
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.457-464


Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture resistances of immature teeth treated with MTA along with root canal obturation methods using AH Plus, MetaSEAL, MTA Fillapex sealers + lateral compaction technique, and Unicore quartz fiber posts. Materials and methods: Fifty single-rooted maxillary anterior teeth were divided into five groups. The crowns were dissected and root canals were enlarged. #6 Peeso reamers were allowed to protrude 1 mm. beyond the apex to simulate immature teeth. The apical 45 mm of each tooth was filled using Angelus white MTA. The remaining portions of canals were obturated as follows: Group 1: No backfilling (control), Group 2: AH Plus + gutta-percha, lateral compaction, Group 3: MetaSEAL + gutta-percha, lateral compaction, Group 4: MTA Fillapex + gutta-percha, lateral compaction, Group 5: UniCore Fiber posts luted using PermaFlo DC. The specimens were embedded into self-curing acrylic poured into identical cylinders which were mounted on a jig providing a 45 degrees angle. A compressive load increasing at 1 mm min-1 was applied and the maximum load at which fracture occurred was recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using KruskalWallis and Dunns multiple tests. Results: The highest fracture resistance was obtained with Group 5 (Fiber posts) whereas Group 4 (MTA Fillapex) yielded the lowest values. The mean fracture resistance value of Group 2 (AH Plus) was significantly higher than Group 4 (MTA Fillapex) (P = 0.001). The mean fracture value of Group 5 (Fiber posts) was significantly higher than Group 2 (AH Plus), Group 3 (MetaSEAL), and Group 4 (MTA Fillapex) (P = 0.02, 0.004, and 0.0001, respectively). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, UniCore quartz fiber posts provided the highest resistance. This methodology may specifically be advantageous for teeth with arrest of development at early stages, as these teeth are more susceptible to fracture owing to their excessively weak dentinal walls.