Degradation of toluene and benzene by Trametes versicolor

Demir G.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY, vol.25, no.1, pp.19-25, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.19-25
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


In this study, biological degradation of non-polar monoaromatic compounds, benzene and toluene. by one of the white rot fungi, namely Trametes versicolor was analyzed and the biomass formed was determined. The studies were carried out in mediums which contain basic nutrients in certain amounts, toluene and benzene at concentrations of 50, 100, 200, 250 and 350 mg/l, pH at 5, temperature at 28degreesC and rpm at 150. Within an incubation period of 48 hours, it was observed that, removal was completed in 4 hours when toluene concentration was 50 mg/l and was completed in 36 hours when concentration was 300 mg/l. Biodegradation was completed at the end of 4th hour at benzene concentration of 50 mg/l while it continued for 42 hours at the concentration of 300 mg/l. With the addition of veratryl alcohol (3, 4-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol) to the basic feed medium, the operation of the enzyme system gained speed and biodegradation completed in a shorter time period.