Molla Hüsrev’in Belâgat İlimlerine Dair Hâşiye ale’l-Mutavvel Adlı Eseri


ALAK M.

Uluslarası Molla Hüsrev Sempozyumu, Bursa, Turkey, 18 - 20 November 2011, pp.199-256

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Bursa
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-256

Abstract

Abstract

Mull?? Khusraw’s ??ashiya ??al?? l-Mu??awwal in the Discipline of

Arabic Rhetoric

Mull?? Khusraw the sheikh al-isl??m, to whom Sultan Mehmed II referred

as “Ab??????an??fa of our age” in the presence of his viziers, is mostly known for his

works on Islamic law and the methodology of law. Moreover, he has also other

works in such disciplines as tafs??r, kal??m, logic, and bal??gha (Arabic rhetoric).

The most voluminous and the most known of his works on bal??gha is ????shiya

??al?? l-Mu??awwal. This work is a gloss on al-Mu??awwal, which is a commentary

by al-Taft?????????? (d. 792/1390) on Talkh???? al-Mift???? by al-Qazw?????? (d. 739/1338).

The latter is also a short-commentary on the third chapter of al-Sakk??????’s (d.

Molla Hüsrev’in Belâgat ??limlerine Dair ??iye ale’l-Mutavvel Adl?? Eseri/M. Alak

sayfa 256

626-1229) Mift???? al-??Ul??m. It is important that Mull?? Khusraw himself studied

al-Mu??awwal under the supervision of Burh??n al-D??n ??aydar al-Haraw?? (d.

between 821-830/1418-1426), one of the leading disciples of al-Taft??????????. In my

presentation, I will briefly introduce Khusraw’s other works in the field, and

then examine ????shiya, discussing its attribution, its versions, its composition

date and reason, its content, its method and sources and finally its importance

in the field.

Özet

Fatih Sultan Mehmed’in “zaman??n Ebû Hanîfesi” diyerek vezirlerine kar????

iftihar etti??i ??eyhülislâm Molla Hüsrev, daha çok f??????h ve usûl-i f??kh

alanlar??ndaki eserleriyle tan??nm????????r. Ancak onun tefsir ba??ta olmak üzere,

kelâm, mant??k ve belâgat ilimlerine dair çal????malar?? da vard??r. Molla Hüsrev’in

belâgat ilimlerine dair çal????malar??????n en hacimlisi ve en çok tan??nm??????, ??iye

ale’l-Mutavvel adl?? eseridir. Bu eser, Kazvînî (ö. 739/1338) taraf??ndan Sekkâkî’ye

(ö. 626/1229) ait Miftâhu’l-Ulûm adl?? eserin belâgate dair olan üçüncü k??sm??

özetlenerek meydana getirilen Telhîsu’l-Miftâh adl?? metne Teftâzânî’nin (ö.

792/1390) yazd?????? iki ??erhten uzunu olan el-Mutavvel üzerine yap??lm???? bir

ha??iye çal????mas??????r. Molla Hüsrev’in el-Mutavvel’i bizzat Teftâzânî’nin önde

gelen ö??rencilerinden olan Burhaneddîn Haydar el-Herevî’den (ö. 821-

830/1418-1426 aras??) okumu?? olmas??, onun ??iye’sine ayr?? bir önem

kazand??rmaktad??r.

Tebli??imizde önce Molla Hüsrev’in belâgate dair olan di??er eserlerini

????saca tan??tacak, ard??ndan ??iye ale’l-Mutavvel’i; ad??, Molla Hüsrev’e aidiyeti,

nüshalar??, ba???? ve sonu, yaz???????? tarihi ve sebebi, muhtevas??, metot ve üslubu,

kaynaklar??, önemi gibi çe??itli aç??lardan tahlil etmeye çal????aca????z.