Deletions in SERPING1 Lead to Lower C1 Inhibitor Function: Lower C1 Inhibitor Function Can Predict Disease Severity

Gokmen N. M. , GÜLBAHAR O., ONAY H., Koc Z. P. , ÖZGÜL S., KÖSE T., ...More

INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY, vol.178, no.1, pp.50-59, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 178 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000492583
  • Page Numbers: pp.50-59


Background: How genotype affects phenotype in hereditary angioedema with C1 inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) has not been totally clarified. In this study, we investigated the relationship between different types of mutations and various phenotypic characteristics. Methods: Clinical data from 81 patients from 47 families were recorded. Complement proteins were analyzed from 61 untreated patients. The coding exons and the exon-intron boundaries of the SERPING1 gene were sequenced, and deletion/duplication analysis with multiple ligation dependent probe amplification was performed. The relationship of complement protein with the mutation type was analyzed by using generalized estimating equations. Results: Thirty-five different mutations (15 novel and 2/15 homozygous) were identified. There was no causative mutation in 6 patients (7.4%). Patients with deletion and large deletion had the lowest (5.05%, 0-18.7; 5.8%, 0-16.5%, respectively), and the none mutation group had the highest C1 inhibitor function (23.3%, 11-78%, p < 0.001). C1 inhibitor function levels decreased as the age of the disease progressed (r = -0.352, p = 0.005). Lower C1 inhibitor function levels caused severer disease (r = -0.404, p = 0.001) and more frequent annual attacks (r = -0.289, p = 0.024). In the off-attack period, C1q levels were lower than normal in 9.8% of the patients. Conclusion: Deletion mutations may represent the most unfavorable effect on C1 inhibitor function. The earlier disease onset age could be a sign for lower C1 inhibitor function levels in adult life. C1q levels could also be low in C1-INH-HAE patients, as in acquired angioedema. Lower C1 inhibitor function can predict disease severity and may have negative impacts on the course of C1-INH-HAE. (c) 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel