Reduced Coronary Flow Reserve and Early Diastolic Filling Abnormalities in Patients with Nephrotic Syndrome


Oflaz H., Sen F., Bayrakli S. K. , Elitok A., Cimen A. O. , Golcuk E., ...More

RENAL FAILURE, vol.30, no.9, pp.914-920, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08860220802353819
  • Journal Name: RENAL FAILURE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.914-920
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background. Increased cardiovascular disease risk is very well known in nephrotic syndrome. Coronary flow reserve measurement by trans-thoracic echocardiography reflects coronary microvascular and endothelial function. However, diastolic filling abnormalities by echocardiography may indicate diastolic dysfunction. Our aim was to evaluate endothelial and diastolic functions by trans-thoracic echocardiography in nephrotic syndrome. Methods. Eighteen patients with nephrotic syndrome (five females, 34 +/- 17 years) and 30 controls (10 females, 35 +/- 10 years) were evaluated in this cross-sectional observational study. Age, weight, lipid profile, glucose, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, serum albumin, total protein, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, blood pressures, 24-hour urine volume, and protein were recorded. Glomerular filtration rate was estimated by Cockcroft-Gault Formula. Doppler flow and other echocardiographic parameters were measured by Vivid 7 echocardiography. Results. Coronary flow reserve was significantly lower in patients than controls (p < 0.001) and was negatively correlated with proteinuria (p < 0. 001), creatinine levels (p = 0.03), total cholesterol (p = 0.02), C-reactive protein (p = 0.02), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (p = 0.005). E/A ratio was significantly lower in patients than in controls (p = 0.005). DT was significantly higher in patients than in controls (p = 0.01) and isovolumic relaxation time was similar in both groups. Conclusion. Coronary flow reserve and left ventricular diastolic filling are significantly impaired in nephrotic syndrome. Proteinuria, serum creatinine, total cholesterol and inflammation may have all contributory effects on endothelial dysfunction. Early evaluation of patients with nephrotic syndrome should include coronary flow and diastolic function by echocardiography.