The effect of Electromyography (EMG)-driven Robotic Treatment on the recovery of the hand Nine years after stroke

ERKAN OĞUL Ö., Coskunsu D. K., Akcay S., Akyol K., HANOĞLU L., Ozturk N.

JOURNAL OF HAND THERAPY, vol.36, no.1, pp.234-240, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jht.2021.04.022
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.234-240
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Objective: To investigate the effect of electromyography (EMG)-driven robotic therapy on the recovery of the hand in a stroke case lasting 9 years.Case: An 18-year-old patient with hemiparesis due to the ischemic lesion was admitted to our clinic with hand impairment. Fifteen sessions (5 weeks x 3 times) of robotic rehabilitation were applied with the Hand of Hope. Average EMG (mV) of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) muscle, average force (N) and the rate of force development (RFD)(N/s) were also assessed before and after the treatment following the 5th and 10th sessions and at the end of treatment. Also, Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Upper Extremity Scale (FMU-UE), Motor Activity Log (MAL), Canadian Occupational Performance Score (COPM) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) were used for assessment before and after the treatment.Results: The average EMG measured from FDS increased from 0.093-0.133 mV. The average force and average RFD increased from 45.6-97.7 and from 135.6-172.6 respectively. While affected and/or unaffected side force ratio increased dramatically from 54%-82%, the FMA-UE score increased from 56-59. The MAL quality of use score increased from 3.93-4.13. Performance and satisfaction scores of COPM changed from 5.25-7.25 and 4.5-8.25 respectively. VAS score for fatigue changed from 6 to 4.Discussion: The improvement achieved 9 years later with 15 sessions of rehabilitation suggests that im-provement may be possible for chronic stroke patients.(c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.