Role of soluble and exchangeable nitrogen pools in N cycling and the impact of nitrogen added in forest soil

Ma H., Tecimen H. B. , Lin W., Gao R., Yin Y., Peng Y.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.27, no.5, pp.5398-5407, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-019-07316-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.5398-5407
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Nitrogen (N) cycle in forest soils is altered by water, salt, or acid solutions, and its internal transfers to and from each existing inorganic pools are not known comprehensively. To evaluate the soluble and exchangeable N pools, bulk soil (B soil), water-extracted soil (W soil), and the 0.5 mol L-1 K2SO4-treated soil (K soil) were incubated for up to 48 days to comprehend the dynamics of inorganic (NH4+ and NO3-) and soluble organic N (SON) in water-soluble, exchangeable, 2.5 mol L-1 H2SO4 (labile pool I, LPI) and 13 mol L-1 H2SO4 (labile pool II, LPII) pools. To test the N deposition effects, additional NH4NO3 solution was added to B, W, and K soils at amount of 40 mg N kg(-1) soil. The results showed that though there was more NO3- removed when W soil was prepared, the similar net nitrification rate in W soil to B soil and more than 20 mg N kg(-1) water-soluble NO3- were observed in W soil, which indicated that the loss of NO3- would be enhanced. In contrast, there was more water-soluble and exchangeable NH4+ for K soil compared with B soil. The different dynamic of NO3- between W and K soil suggested that nitrifiers might dominate in the soil matrix rather than the soil solution. After incubation, each N form in the LPI decreased, which can be attributed to the allocation of remaining N into the recalcitrant pool, except the increase of NH4+ for B soil and NO3- for K soil, and NO3- in LPII for B soil. Compared with control, N addition increased mineralization of exchangeable SON to promote nitrification regardless of soils, but weakened the immobilization of NO3-. In addition, N in LPI and LPII pools have increased, which might be related to decomposition of recalcitrant organic matter induced by N addition to transform when the water-soluble and exchangeable N was removed. Therefore, the changes of soluble and exchangeable nitrogen pools impact the N cycling. Our findings can give some explanation for whole soil N transformation responses to N deposition.