JOURNAL OF CARDIAC SURGERY, vol.23, no.5, pp.515-518, 2008 (SCI-Expanded)
Background and Aim: Adult patients with complex forms of descending aortic disease remain a surgical challenge and have a high risk of postoperative mortality and morbidity. Surgical management may be complicated when there is an associated cardiac defect, necessitating repair, or a hostile anatomy exists. We present our experience with extra-anatomic bypass through posterior pericardial route at the same stage with intracardiac/ascending aortic aneurysm repair. Methods: Patients that underwent one-stage surgery with posterior pericardial bypass between ascending and descending aorta during 2003-2007 were reviewed. Data from early and mid-term follow-up, including mortality, perioperative blood loss, graft-related complications, patency, and persistant hypertension, were noted. Results: Six male patients with a mean age of 20.8 +/- 0.7 years were operated for coarctation of the aorta associated with additional pathologies (three cases of ascending aortic aneurysm-one with associated aortic valve insufficiency, one case of isolated aortic valve regurgitation, two cases of mitral valve regurgitation). No early or mid-term mortality was observed during follow-up of a mean of 21.6 +/- 10.0 months. No late graft-related complications or reoperations were observed with patent grafts. Systolic blood pressure decreased after surgery by an average of 43 mmHg. Conclusions: Coarctation of the aorta with concomitant cardiac lesions can be repaired simultaneously through sternotomy and posterior pericardial approach, when patients present in adulthood, to minimize morbidity and mortality.