Exploring the attitudes, concerns, and knowledge regarding COVID-19 vaccine by the parents of children with rheumatic disease: Cross-sectional online survey.

Akgun O., Kayaalp G. K., Demirkan F. G., Cakmak F., Tanatar A., Guliyeva V., ...More

Vaccine, vol.40, no.12, pp.1829-1836, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.01.061
  • Journal Name: Vaccine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, MEDLINE, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1829-1836
  • Keywords: Vaccine acceptance, COVID-19, COVID-19 vaccine, Vaccine hesitancy, Pediatric rheumatic disease
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Vaccination programs are effective strategies in preventing infectious diseases and controlling epidemics. Vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 in children has not yet been approved globally, and it is unclear what attitude families will take when it is approved in children. We aimed to investigate the underlying causes of vaccine acceptance, hesitation, and refusal, as well as concerns about the acceptability of the COVID-19 vaccine by parents of children with rheumatic diseases. Methods: Parents of children followed up with a diagnosis of rheumatic disease in the pediatric rheumatology outpatient clinic of a university hospital were included in the study. We applied a closed web based online survey conducted cross-sectionally and sent to the participants via mobile smartphones. Results: For fathers, mothers, and their children, acceptance rates for a COVID-19 vaccine were 64.2%, 57.7%, and 41.8%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, factors affecting parents' acceptance of vaccines for their children were as follows: "Receiving antirheumatic medications regularly (AOR 5.40, 95% CI 1.10-26.33, p = 0.03), the previous history of getting special recommended vaccines (AOR 4.12, 95% CI 1.12-27.85, p = 0.03), relying on vaccines for ending pandemic (AOR 8.84, 95% CI 2.80-27.85, p = 0.001), complying with the pandemic measures entirely (AOR 5.24, 95% CI 1.46-18.74, p = 0.01)". The two most common reasons for vaccine rejection were fear of the side effects of the vaccine and its possible interaction with rheumatic drugs used by children. Conclusion: According to our survey, parents were more likely to accept a COVID-19 vaccine for themselves than their children. The success of COVID-19 vaccination programs sources highly on people's willingness to accept the vaccine. It is crucial to vaccinate children for achieving herd immunity and in terms of avoiding vaccine hesitancy. Larger data examining the causes of concerns in parents of both healthy children and children with chronic diseases should be delineated. (c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.