Background. The anterior transabdominal approach for adrenalectomy is associated with a longer postoperative recovery period than a posterior extraperitoneal adrenalectomy. The posterior approach is useful for patients requiring bilateral adrenalectomy or in those undergoing unilateral adrenalectomy for benign adenomas smaller than 5 cm. Recently transabdominal laparoscopic adrenalectomy has been used in patients with adrenal tumors. Endoscopic retroperitoneal adrenalectomy (ERA) is an alternative method that provides excellent exposure and should be associated with less postoperative morbidity.