MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE FORAMEN MAGNUM OF BYZANTINE DOGS EXCAVATED IN ISTANBUL YENIKAPI AT THE SITE OF THEODOSIUS HARBOUR


Onar V. , Pazvant G. , Ince N. G. , Alpak H., Janeczek M., Kızıltan Z.

MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY & ARCHAEOMETRY, vol.13, no.1, pp.135-142, 2013 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Title of Journal : MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY & ARCHAEOMETRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-142

Abstract

This study presents the results of morphometric analysis of a total of 473 skulls ascribed to adult animals were sufficiently complete to allow the measurement of their foramen magnum; and for 472 of them the foramen magnum index could be calculated. The dorsal notch was only seen in the group of mesocephalic dogs where about 17% of all skulls exhibited this feature. The average length of the dorsal notch was found to be 2.59 mm. Not a single skull in the dolichocephalic dog group showed any sign of a dorsal notch. The results of this study show that the dorsal notch in the foramen magnum widely seen dogs of the Middle Ages, and point to a morphological variation.