Determinants of felt-stigma in adolescents with epilepsy: Is it the same story?


AYDEMİR N., Sakman Ö. K., Delil Ş., ÖZKARA Ç.

Seizure, vol.113, pp.34-40, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 113
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.seizure.2023.11.001
  • Journal Name: Seizure
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.34-40
  • Keywords: Adolescents with epilepsy, Concerns related to epilepsy, Disclosure, Felt-stigma, Overprotection
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate previously researched variables in adult people with epilepsy (PWE), which include felt stigma, perceived overprotection, concealment of epilepsy, and epilepsy-related concerns for adolescents with epilepsy (AWE). Another goal was to determine the reported levels of these variables and explore the relationships among them, as well as their associations with demographic and clinical factors. Additionally, we also investigated whether clinical and demographic variables create significant changes in these variables. Lastly, we aimed to determine the variables that predict felt-stigma in AWE. Methods: On hundred and nineteen AWE aged between 10 and 18 were included in the study by using convenience sampling. Participants received the scales and demographic information form either in face to face meeting or via a Zoom session. Results: Nearly half of the participants stated high level of felt stigma, perceived overprotection and concealment of epilepsy, while more than half reported concerns about their future/occupational prospects. Also, felt stigma had significant relations with concealment of epilepsy and concerns related to epilepsy. Early adolescents were under more risk for perceived overprotection, while late adolescents had higher concerns related to future/occupation. Females reported more felt stigma. Finally, felt stigma was predicted by concealment, concerns related to future/occupation, and concerns related to social life. Conclusion: The variables that explain the felt-stigma in AWE appear to be quite similar to those in adult PWE.