İstihdamın Alaturka Defeminizasyonu


Kadın Olmak Farkındalık ve Özgürleşme, Turkey, 1 - 04 August 2012, pp.345-366

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.345-366
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


This paper explores the impact of religiosity and the role of culture on female labor supply decisions in 
a cross country setting with special emphasis on Turkey using international survey data obtained from World 
Value Survey. The analysis consists of three parts. The first part focuses on the effects of personal characteristics 
of Turkish women -such as educational attainment, marital status, and presence of children- on their labor supply 
decisions. Results show that education increases the probability of joining the labor force whereas being married 
adversely affects labor force participation decision. Presence of children is found to be negatively correlated with 
the probability of joining the labor force. 
The second part investigates females‘ perception about gender roles and religiosity which are 
empirically captured by several questions in the World Value Survey. Findings indicate that females‘ traditional 
views on gender roles adversely affect female labor force participation. The more traditional view a woman has 
about gender roles and the more religious she is, the lower is the probability that she participates in labor market. 
In order to obtain cross-cultural robustness, the third part presents a multi country analysis. Two Nordic 
countries with high female labor participation rates, Norway and Sweden, a southern European country with 
relatively low female labor participation rate compared to its Nordic counterparts, Spain, a sample of North 
African and Middle Eastern countries, Morocco, Egypt, Jordan, and finally a sample of Latin American 
countries, Mexico and Chile, are investigated. 
Keywords: Gender role attitudes, religion, female labor force participation,World Value Survey.