Fallopian tube herniation from trocar-site after laparoscopic appendectomy

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Ergin A., İşcan A. Y., Ağca B., Karip B., Memişoğlu K.

Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi-Turkish Journal Of Trauma & Emergency Surgery, vol.26, no.4, pp.639-641, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)


Trocar site hernias are a type of incisional hernias and may occur within a variable time shift after surgery. A mean incidence of 1.85% was reported, and the first trocar site hernia was narrated by Maio et al. in 1991 describing small bowel obstruction due to trocar site herniation after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The 10-mm-trocar port is more frequently problematic, and a trocar site hernia in 5 mm port is very rare. This report unveils a 5mm trocar site herniation of right fallopian tube following laparoscopic appendectomy. In this case study, a 19-year-old female patient applied to the emergency department because of a discharge in the right lower quadrant was reported. She explained that she had undergone laparoscopic appendectomy two days before and discharged the next day uneventfully. The surgical report described a suction drain in the right lower quadrant where the patient was suffering from the discharge. The physical examination revealed no tenderness, but an abdominal CT disclosed an edematous tubular structure herniating from the 5 mm trocar site where the drain was put. She was re-operated laparoscopically due to early trocar site hernia, and the right fallopian tube was observed herniating through the defect. After the reduction into the abdomen, the fallopian tube was observed fine, and the defect was closed using 2/0 polypropylene suture. Trocar site hernias are rare but may cause serious complications after laparoscopic surgery. They may occur early after the surgery, but the time shift is variable. Although mechanical bowel obstructions are more frequent endpoint, it should be remembered that any organ within the abdominal cavity may herniate.