Effectiveness of Prison-based Drug Treatment Programs: A Systematic Review of Meta-analyses


Topcuoglu T.

ADDICTA-THE TURKISH JOURNAL ON ADDICTIONS, cilt.3, ss.110-124, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 3 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.15805/addicta.2016.3.0005
  • Dergi Adı: ADDICTA-THE TURKISH JOURNAL ON ADDICTIONS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.110-124

Özet

Objectives: Drawing upon existing meta-analytic reviews, this paper aims to systematically review the state of research on the effects of prison-based drug treatment programs on drug use and recidivism after imprisonment. Method: A systematic search was carried out through the Cochrane Library, the Campbell Collaboration Library of Systematic Reviews and Google scholar. Results: Based on the eligibility criteria set forth, three meta-analytic studies on the effects of prison-based drug treatment programs on drug use and recidivism were retrieved. All three meta-analyses consistently point to the positive effects of therapeutic communities both on drug use and recidivism. Findings regarding the positive effects of other incarceration-based drug treatment programs (e.g., counselling, narcotic maintenance programs, etc.) are less clear. Limitations as well as implications of the findings for research, policy and practice in Turkey are discussed.