Retrospective Analysis of Primary Suturing of the Internal Orifice of Perianal Fistula During FiLaC Procedure

Serin K. R., Hacim N. A., Karabay O., Terzi M. C.

SURGICAL LAPAROSCOPY ENDOSCOPY & PERCUTANEOUS TECHNIQUES, vol.30, no.3, pp.266-269, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the results of the fistula-tract laser closure associated with primary closure of internal orifice. Materials and Methods: The surgical objective was to seal the fistula tract using laser energy and closing internal orifice with purse-string suture. Between January 2017 and December 2018, 35 consecutive patients who underwent the laser closure plus internal orifice suturing included. In all 35 patients, the laser procedure was applied then internal orifice was primarily closed with 2-0 polyglactin suture after the debridement of necrotic tissue. Results: Among 35 patients (11 female, 24 male), mean age was 43.9 +/- 12.9 years. Median follow-up was 11 months (6.0 to 17.6 mo). According to the Park classification; 21 patients (60%) had intersphincteric fistula, 12 (34%) had transsphincteric fistula, 2 (6%) had suprasphincteric or extrasphincteric fistula. There were low/simple and high/complex fistula in 21 (60%) and 14 patients (40%), respectively. Overall, 15/35 (42.9%) patients showed complete healing, 12/35 (34%) had slight drainage with minimal symptoms, 8/35 (22%) patients had persistent symptomatic drainage, and there was no patient with painful symptomatic drainage. On the basis of the Jorge-Wexner continence score, there was no significant difference in patients before and after the procedure. The perfect continence rate was achieved in 32 patients (91%). Conclusion: Although the absence of major and minor complications after Fistula Laser Closure (FiLaC) procedure seemed to be a major advantage, we thought that closure of the internal opening by primary suturing has no positive effect on the healing of the perianal fistula.